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October 25, 2012     The Johnson Pioneer
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October 25, 2012
 

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JOHNSON, KS 67855 THE JOHNSON PIONEER Thursday, Oct. 25, 2012 - Page 9 Scientists Encourage Citizens To Heed Signs Of Climate Change From Page 8 July on record in the lower 48 United States, but also the hottest of any month on record in that time span, according to the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Agency (NOAA). To put it another way, July 2012 was the hottest of more than 1,400 months that we've gone through since 1895. The average temperature for the contiguous United States during July was 77.6 degrees F., which was 3.3 degrees above the 20th cen- tury average, marking the warmest July and all-time warmest month on record for the nation in a period that dates back to 1895, he added. The previous warm- est July for the nation was July 1936, when the aver- age U.S. temperature was 77.4 degrees. "Our low temperatures now are much higher than they were in the '30s," Feddema sai& in compar- Physilherapy Stanton County Hospital Physical Therapy Open House Tuesday November 13, 2012 4pm - 6pm Stop by to see our new location! Enjoy a snack and visit with sta. Everyone Welcome! COUN HOSPITAL FAMILY PRACTICE & LTCU ing this year with the infa- mous drought years of the 1930s. "If we look back at the 1930s, average global temperatures were not that exceptional globally. The drought generally only af- fected the central U.S." He cited Environmental Protection Agency records covering 100 years from 1900 to 2000, that illus- trated the average last spring frost and the first fall frost in the U.S. (excluding Hawaii and Alaska). Since 1970, the first fall frost has been trending later. Climate Change and Ag- tic.tare Agriculture contributes to climate change, but also is and will continue to be affected by climate change and variability, said Charles (Chuck) Rice, K-State uni- versity distinguished pro- fessor in agron-omy. "Citizens are already re- sponding to climate change and some don't even know it," said K-State agronomy professor Dan Devlin. "Farmers are planting ear- lier than they did 30 or 40 years ago. We also have more double cropping." Some conference speak- ers presented data showing that in general, the first fall freeze is coming later and Re-Elect Vernon L. Butt. District Magaistrate Judge I J ] Thank You For Your Support And Confidence Paid political ad. Paid for by Committee to Re-Elect Vernon L. Butt, Jessalyn Hilger, "lasurer DELIVERS RAIN OR SHINE the last spring freeze is coming earlier. Even with evidence of earlier frost-free dates in the spring, however, farm- ers have to gauge the risk- if they plant early, they can still end up with the devas- tation of a killing freeze, said Stacy Hutch-inson, professor of biological and agricultural engineering at K-State. In most crops so far, there's been a negative im- pact on yields from the changes occurring in the climate, Rice said, adding that yields have generally gone up in Kansas because of the development of bet- ter varieties, better manage- ment and better equipment. But there's more variabil- ity in growing conditions. "Every one of these dips has been related to weather," said Rice as he displayed a chart showing crop yield trends. "Irriga- tion can moderate that, but can't make up for the whole impact of the variability." Diseases that infect plants can be an indicator of cli- mate change, said Karen Garrett, who is a plant pa- thologist at K-State. She gave the example of soy- bean rust, a disease that she and a team of researchers are currently studying. Soy- bean rust overwinters in the south and infects soybean plants as it moves north during the wanner months of the growing season. What happens if overwin- tering for diseases like this becomes easier farther north? Rice, who served on the United Nations Intergov- ernmental Panel on Climate Change, provided the IPCC report's projected changes for the climate of the U.S. Midwest, including fewer extreme high temperatures in summer in the short term, but more in the long term, as well as higher nighttime temperatures in both summer and winter. The report also predicted increased temperature vari- ability. The IPCC report also pro- jected about 10 percent more precipitation annually in the Midwest, as well as a change in seasonality. Most of the increase in pre- cipitation is expected to come in the first half of the year, meaning wetter springs and drier summers. There is also more variabil- ity in summer precipitation expected, including more intense rain events which could mean more runoff. Rice said changes in ag- riculture practices have the potential to make a signifi- cant impact on climate change. As a soil scientist, he studies carbon seques- tration - the process of Thank 00You's THANK YOU Thank you to the EMS and to everyone at the hospital for their quick response and care during Albert's recent hospital stay. We are so glad we live in such a caring community! Albert & Deloris Wilson & Family THANK YOU We would like to thank everyone for the prayers, cards and concern during Daryl's recent illness and surgeries. Thank you to Dr. Gerstberger and P.A. Marty Kline for the diagnoses and sending us to Wichita to the good doctors. A special thanks to Nancy and O.W. Josserand and our kids and grandkids who always show up and are there for us. Also nieces Cheryl Adams and Jan Lindner. We were cheered by phone calls from Reverand Don Hasty, Ruth Loader and Velda Folger. Also thanks to our neighbors who did nice things for us in our ab- sence. Daryl and Sally Daniels 19" Widescreen LeD Monitor 4GB USB :lash Driv transforming carbon in the air (carbon dioxide, or CO2) into stored soil car- bon. Carbon dioxide is taken up by plants through photosynthesis, and incor- porated into living plant matter. As the plants die, the carbon-based leaves, stems, and roots decay in the soil and become soil organic matter. How can carbon seques- tration aid in the fight against climate change? At- mospheric carbon dioxide, and other greenhouse gases trap heat that is reflected from the earth's surface. This heat buildup could lead to global warming. Through carbon sequestra- tion, atmospheric carbon dioxide levels are reduced as soil organic carbon lev- els are increased. If the soil organic carbon is undis- turbed, it can stay in the soil for many years as stable organic matter. This carbon is then sequestered, or re- moved from the pool avail- able to be recycled to the atmosphere. This process reduces CO2 levels in the atmosphere, reducing the chances of global warming. Rice estimated that 20 percent or more of targeted CO2 emission reductions could be met by agricul- tural soil carbon sequestra- tion. In cropland, some steps farmers can take to reduce greenhouse gas in- clude: reduce tillage; rotate Crops so asto have less bare fallow and increased crop intensity; plant cover crops; use fertilizer efficiently; and use irrigation effi- ciently. More information is available at: htp:t/so,ilcarbon,ceater.k- ta.-carbc yc [e.htm[ hp::I/' w w.greatpliains: clite.orgl h,p:/;ww.g[oba[ch, ange. govt,' hat-we-do/assess- 7 ht p:/' w w. n tic .rtoz. gov LJNKBYB" wIreless 4-port Desktop Router /V/i5 All-In.One DesktOp PC WiwS 7 Profesnc Intel Core 3 500GB HDD 4GB RAM