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The Johnson Pioneer
Johnson , Kansas
June 16, 2011     The Johnson Pioneer
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June 16, 2011

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I,l ililliillillYllltlllll . . It l iliiii lipi liilIImLili IilI apulPalIliliP JOHNSON, KS 67855 THE JOHNSON PIONEER THE AGENT'S NOTEBOOK by Frank Swan MISCELLANEOUS Insecticides: What's New in the Market Place? Two new insecticide prod- ucts were released by Bayer Advanced (Research Triangle Park. NC this year for use by homeowners in gardens and landscapes; these are All-In- One Rose and Flower Care, and 12-Month Tree and Shrub Protect and Feed. The All-In- One Rose and Flower Care product contains three active ingredients: tebuconazole (1.06%), imidacloprid (0.11%), and clothianidin (0.05%). Tebuconazole is a systemic fungicide with activ- ity against foliar fungi includ- ing black spot, powdery mil- dew. and rust. The other two active ingredients are sys- temic insecticides. The prod-, uct is a granule that once ap- plied to the soil/growing me- dium needs to be irrigated so that the active ingredients can move through the soil/grow- ing medium profile where they can be absorbed by plant roots. After the active ingre- dients are absorbed and trans- located throughout the plant, the product claims six weeks of protection against certain foliar fungi and a variety of insect pests including aphids, caterpillars, leaf beetles, leaf- hoppers, leafminers, mealy- bugs, scales (soft), thrips, and whiteflies. It is important to apply this product when plants are actively growing and remove any mulch be- cause mulch and organic mat- ter may bind to imidacloprid and clothianidin thus inhibit- ing absorption by the roots. The 12-Month Tree and Shrub Protect and Feed con- rains two systemic insecticide active ingredients: imidaclo- prid (0.55%) and clothianidin (0.275%). In addition, the product contains a fertilizer [2-1-1 (N-P205-K20)]. This insecticide is labeled for "con- trol" of aphids, borers, cater- pillars, leafhoppers, leafmin- ers, mealybugs, scales (soft), thrips, and whiteflies with claims of 12 months of pro- tection. The product is a gran- ule so that once applied, irri- gation is required in order to move the active ingredients through the soil or growing medium profile where they can be absorbed by the roots. As with All-In-One Rose and Flower Care, it is important to applT this product when plants are actively growing and remove any mulch be- cause mulch and organic mat- ter may bind to imidacloprid and clothianidin, inhibiting root absorption The two insecticide active ingredients, imidacloprid and clothianidin, contained in both products, are neonico- tinoid-based systemic insecti- cides. Of the two, imidacloprid is well-known because it has been around since 1995 (sold commer- cially under the trade name Merit), and the patent has expired, which means that imidacloprid may be present in many different generic products. Imidacloprid, like all neonicotinoid-based insec- ticides, is primarily active ag, ainst phloem-feeding in- sects, certain leaf-chewing beetles, and wood-boring in- sects. But it has minimal ac- tivity on caterpillars and mites. The other neonicotin- old-based insecticide, cloth- ianidin, is less known having been around since 2002; how- ever, this active ingredient, depending on the rate applied and concentration in leaf tis- sue. has activity on caterpil- lars, which is the main reason certain caterpillar pests are included on the labels of both products. Although clothian- idin is less water-soluble than imidacloprid (0.32 vs. 0.61 g/ L at 20C) it has a higher bind- ing affinity to the nicotinic acetylcholine receptors, which are the target sites of the neonicotinoid-based in- secticides. Clothianidin is rap- idly absorbed by plant roots because of the lipophilicity of this active ingredient. Lipophilicity refers to the ability of compounds to dis- solve in fats, oils, and fipids. Compounds that are highly li- pophilic are generally not sys- temic, whereas compounds that are either moderate or in- termediate in lipophilicity are able to move through the xy- lem (water-conducting tis- Thank you to Alan anti Becky 5chweitzer for aonating a new Kinaile to Stanton County Public Library sues) to plant shoots. Also, root absorption is greater when compounds are more li- pophilic. Cloth-ianidin is taken up rapidly in the tran- spiration stream, which is re- sponsible for water movement through plants, and. may ac- cumulate at higher concentra- tions in plant parts and tissues than other neonicotinoid- based insecticides. Clothianidin also has been shown to be evenly distrib- uted within the entire leaf lamina. All of these factors may be associated with the activity of clothianidin against caterpillars and other insect pests. As always, read the la- bel of both pesticides before making an application to de- termine recommended rates and understand what proce- dures are required in order to enhance the efficacy of these products in preventing and alleviating infestations of in- sect pests. Moving Houseplants Out- side for the SUmmer It is often helpful to set many houseplants outside for the summer so they can re- cover from the low light lev- els endured during the winter months. As soon as night tem- peratures stay consistently above 55 degrees F, house- plants can be moved to their summer home. Choose a spot that has dappled shade, is pro- tected from the wind and is close to water. A porch or a spot that receives shade from trees or buildings will work well. Putting houseplants in full sun will cause the leaves to photooxidize or sunburn because the leaves have be- come adapted to low light lev- els inside the-house Nhere possible, sink the pots into the ground to help moderate root temperatures and reduce wa- tering frequency. If you have a number of plants, dig a trench 6 to 8 inches deep (or deeper if you have larger pots) and long enough to accommodate all of your plants without crowding. Place peat moss under and around the pots. Peat moss holds water, helps keep the pots cool and reduces evapo- ration from clay pots. About every two weeks, rotate the pots a quarter turn to break off any roots that have penetrated the peat moss surrounding the pot and to equalize the light received on all sides of the pot. Water as needed. If the potting soil is dry a half-inch deep in the pot. it is time to water. Rabbits in the Garden Rabbits in gardens are a pe- rennial problem because of the wide variety of plants they can feed on. This time of year, Due to the fire ban issued by the Fire Chief, the Stanton County Commis- sioners, Johnson City Council and Manter City Council have decided no sale or discharge of fireworks will be allowed anywhere in Stanton County. Note, due to the same fire ban, there will be no Independence Day public display at this time. Thank you for your understanding. Thursday, June 16, 2011 - Pa e 7 they gravitate to young veg- etables and flowers. But there are some vegetables that are rarely bothered including po- tatoes, tomatoes, corn, squash, cucumbers, and some pep- pers. The question is how do you protect other, more sus- ceptible plants? Fencing pro- vides a quick and effective control method. The fence does not need to be tall; 2 feet is sufficient. But the mesh must be sufficiently fine (1 inch or less) so young rabbits will ngt be able to go through it. Support for the fence can be supplied by a number of products, but electric fence posts work well. Often fencing is not an ac- ceptable choice because it af- fects the attractiveness of the garden. Other ways to control rabbits including repellents, trapping and shooting. Repel- lents are often suggested for control but often do not last long and require frequent re- application. Also, many are poisonous and cannot be used on plants or plant parts des- tined for human consumption. Live traps can be used to collect and move the rabbits to a rural area several miles from where they were trapped. A number of baits can be used to entice the rabbit to enter the trap including a tightly rolled cabbage leaf held together with a toothpick. However, rabbits often avoid baits if other attractive fo 3d is available. Another possibility is to use a motion-activated sprinkler. These are attached to a garden hose and release a short burst of water when motion is de- tected. Contech and Havahart are suppliers and both are ad- vertised as protecting up to 1,000 square feet. Shooting is another possi- bility when it is safe and legal to do so. VEGETABLES Mulching Tomatoes Soils are warm enough now that tomatoes can benefit from mulching. Tomatoes prefer even levels of soil moisture and mulches provide such by preventing excessive evapora- tion. Other benefits of mulch- ing include weed suppression, moderating soil temperatures and preventing the formation of a hard crust on the soil. Crusted soils restrict air movement into and out of the soil and slow the water infil- tration rate. - Hay and straw mulches are very popular for tomatoes but may contain weed or volun- teer grain seeds. Grass clip- Guidelines for fruit spacing pings can also be used but are as follows: should be applied as a rela- Apples and pears: 4 to 6 tively thin layer - only 2 to 3. inches apart; inches thick. Clippings should also be dryas wet clipping can mold and become so hard that water can't pass through. Also, do not use clippings from lawns that have been treated with a weed killer un- til some time has passed. With most types of weed killers, clippings from the fourth mowing after treatment may be used. If the lawn was treated with a product contain- ing quinclora.c (Drive), the clippings should not be used as mulch. 'Staggering' Sweetcorn Planting Sweet corn is one of those crops that is only "good" for a few days. If you want longer periods of production, con- sider staggering the planting. In other words, plant a small block, wait a period of time, and then plant the next block. Though it is tempting to fol- low a calendar schedule, such as planting a small block ev- ery week, it is better to use crop development as a trigger. If you plant on a calendar schedule, you may have no- ticed that later plantings often catch up with earlier ones. In- stead, plant the next block of sweet corn when the previous one is one-half to one inch tall. FRUIT Thinning Excess Fruit Many areas of Kansas have avoided late freezes resulting in a heavy fruit crop this year. At first glance, this might seem to be a good thing. But too many fruit can cause prob- lems that should be alleviated with thinning. For example, a heavy fruit crop can interfere with fruit bud development this summer. This can result in a small to no crop next year. This problem most often ap- pears with apples. Thus, thin- ning helps ensure that good crops are produced each year. The second benefit of thin- ning is to promote larger fruit on this year's crop. Fruit trees are limited in how many fruit they can mature. Too many fruit and fruit size goes down. A third problem often caused by too many fruit is limb dam- age. Sometimes the weight of a maturing fruit crop can lit- eraUy break branches. Thin- ning Will help limit weight and preserve branches. So how much thinning should we do? Thinning recommenda- tions vary with the type of ,tree. Peaches: 4 to 8 inches apart; Plums and prunes: 4 to 5 inches apart; and Apricots: 2 to 4 inches be- tween fruit. These are averages and so you may have several fruit clustered closer than this dis- tance. As long as the average on the branch is close to the recommended spacing, the fruit should size well. Cher- ries are not thinned and can produce a full fruit load. PESTS Cucumber Beetles and Bac- terial Wilt If you had cucumbers or muskmelons that suddenly turned brown and died last year, you may have had a dis- ease known as bacterial wilt. The cucumber beetle cames this disease. Once a plant is infected, there is no cure, so prevention is the key. Because cucumber beetles overwinter as adults, early control mea- sures are essential. There are two types of cu- cumber beetles: striped and spotted. The striped cucumber beetle is the most common. The 1/4-inch-long beetles are conspicuously colored: black head and antennae, straw-yel- low thorax, and yellowish wing covers with three dis- tinct parallel and longitudinal black stripes. Young plants can be protected with row covers, cones, or other types of mechanical barriers. Edges must be sealed to ensure that the beetles do not find a place to enter. Plants will eventually outgrow these barriers, or they will need to be removed to allow insect pollination of the flowers. Apply insecticides before beetles are noticed in the planting. Continue to spray weekly throughout the season. Homeowners can use Rotenone or permethrin (nu- merous trade names). Once plants have started flowering, spray late in the evening after bees have returned to the hive. Check labels for waiting pe- riods between when you spray and when the fruit can be picked. "Cabbageworms", Colo- rado Potato Beetles, Bean Leaf Beetles Continued On Page 8 legal Publication Published in The Johnson Pioneer on June 16, June 23, and June 30, 2011 pted! I!.. GIft Stanton. Grant, Kearny, Morton and Hamtffon County plat mal By Western CartogiapheB Avali l@ S anton Cot ty Grant 0 b, Crag 1.-800-762.. Count, s m NE I($. CO, OK. l owm~ m~mamm,~ mmm Richmond, KS KS (800) 374-6958 (8001 167 IN THE DISTRICT COURT OF STANTON COUNTY, KANSAS IN THE MATTER OF THE ESTATE OF MYRTLE HERRICK, DECEASED. No. 09PR4 NOTICE OF HEARING THE STATE OF KANSAS TO ALL PERSONS CONCERNED: You are hereby notified that a Petition has been filed in this Court by Jeanne Snowbarger, duly appointed, qualified, and acting Ex- ecutor of the estate of Myrtle Herrick, deceased, praying her acts be ap- proved; her account be settled and allowed; the heirs be determined; the Will be construed and the estate be assigned to the persons entitled thereto; reasonable fees and ex- penses be allowed; the administra- tion of the estate be closed; upon the filing of receipts the petitioner be fi- nally discharged as Executor of the estate of Myrtle Herrick, deceased; and she be released from further li- ability. You are required to file your written defenses thereto on or before July 12, 2011, at 11 a.m. in the Dis- trict Court, in the City of Johnson, Stanton County, Kansas, at which time and place this cause will be heard. Should you fail therein, judg- ment and decree will be entered in due course upon the petition. Jeanne Snowbarger, Petitioneri Kyler Knobbe ! Box 937 Cirriarron, Kansas 67835 (620)855-3100 Lawyer for Executor